António Guterres announces a “winter of dissatisfaction” as the numerous crises in the world could worsen
UN Secretary-General António Guterres painted a bleak picture of global developments on Tuesday (September 20), referring to a “Winter of Global Discontent” due to rising prices, global warming and deadly conflicts.
“Our world is at its worst”said Antonio Guterres during the annual debate of the General Assembly of the 193 members of the United Nations in New York.
According to the new UN report, countries are struggling with this “a colossal global dysfunction” and are less and less ready or willing to face the big challenges.
“A winter of global discontent is on the horizon”said Mr. Guterres.
“Trust is crumbling, inequality is exploding, the planet is burning, people are suffering and the ideals of the UN Charter are in jeopardy”he added, presenting the annual report on the panel’s work.
He stressed that cooperation and dialogue are the only way forward, he warned“No other nation or country should have to put up with that[ces conséquences]».
Ukraine: an unlikely peace?
The Russian-led war in Ukraine cast a shadow over the meeting, and most participants said the chances for a dialogue between Russians and Ukrainians in New York were slim.
Mr. Guterres reiterated this idea in his opening remarks, saying that the time would come for peace talks on Ukraine but that he did not believe it would happen in the immediate future.
“This war will not last forever. There will come a time when peace negotiations will take place.”Guterres later told reporters while speaking alongside Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen.
“I don’t see that in the near future. But I can say one thing: we will never give up. »
Food security was another important item on the agenda. With pictures of the ship as background Brave commanderone of the ships used to transport several tons of Ukrainian wheat to Ethiopia, Yemen and other countries in need, which Mr. Guterres described as a symbol “What the world can achieve when we act together”.
He also said hello “the Black Sea Grains Initiative, made possible by Ukraine and the Russian Federation itself with the help of Türkiye[Turquie]»who, despite the complexity of the situation, the enemies and the hell of the war, combined their efforts to make this project a success.
But despite presenting itself as a neutral mediator, Turkey has been accused in recent weeks of being a country that could help other countries circumvent international embargoes and sanctions.
More than 200 NGOs urged the leaders gathered at the General Assembly to take urgent action “put an end to the spiral of the global food crisis”.
“Around the world, 50 million people in 45 countries are at risk of starvation”they said, before adding that an estimated 19,700 people die of hunger every day, or one person every four seconds.
The European Union, the United States, the African Union and Spain co-chaired a special summit on food security, also held on Tuesday on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. The summit follows a G7 meeting held in June, where countries pledged around €4.5 billion to fight global hunger.
Climate change also dominated the gathering as the world continues to feel the effects of extreme weather events.
“We have a date with the climate catastrophe”said Antonio Guterres.
“This must be the top priority of every government and multilateral organization”he added.
As global temperatures rise and natural disasters, such as the massive floods in Pakistan, increase, Mr Guterres denounces a world “addicted to fossil fuels” and called on states to hold accountable those who continue to invest in the sector.
He called on all developed economies to tax fossil fuel profits and use the proceeds to offset the damage caused by climate change and help people struggling with high prices.
“The polluters have to pay”he said.
“These funds need to be redirected to countries where the climate crisis is causing losses and to people who are being hit hard by rising food and energy prices”he said at the annual gathering of world leaders in New York.
The other crises
In addition to the climate catastrophe and the loss of biodiversity as well as the war in Ukraine, the UN chief also highlighted crises such as the desolate financial situation of developing countries and the progress made by countries in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United States forth nations.
He also pointed to the alarming signals associated with a variety of new technologies, the rise of hate speech and digital surveillance. ” out of control “.
“We don’t even have the beginnings of a global architecture to deal with all of this. »
Mr. Guterres also referred to other conflicts that have increasingly receded into the background in recent months.
In addition to Afghanistan, where the economy is in shambles and human rights are being violated, Mr Guterres also mentioned renewed clashes in Ethiopia and Haiti, where gangs are rife “Destroy the foundations of society”.
“In Libya, divisions continue to threaten the country. Persistent Tensions Threaten Iraq’s Stability »he noticed.
“In Israel and Palestine, the cycles of occupation violence continue as the prospects for peace based on a two-state solution grow ever more remote.”he added.
Other leaders who spoke on Tuesday included Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who met with Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid to send a signal of warming ties after Turkish President Erdoğan sharply criticized the handling of the Palestinians had uttered through the Palestinians.
On Monday (September 19), US Secretary of State Antony Blinken called the first meeting between the foreign ministers of Azerbaijan and Armenia since fighting erupted earlier this month. European leaders, including EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, are expected to follow up on mediation efforts.
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