Birth of the European Political Community in Prague, “united” against Moscow

Birth of the European Political Community in Prague, “united” against Moscow

The “European Political Community” was born: 44 heads of state and government from the continent met in Prague on Thursday (October 6) in an unprecedented format that highlighted Vladimir Putin’s growing isolation seven months into the Russian offensive in Ukraine .

« It’s a very old idea that might become a reality.”welcomed French President Emmanuel Macron, who launched the project in May.

He recalled that the « CPE » was a much larger assembly than the European Union, with 17 invited countries in addition to the 27 bloc members.

In an effort to make the initiative sustainable, the heads of state have agreed to meet in Moldova in spring 2023.

Spain and then the UK will be the next host countries to respect a switch between EU member countries and non-member countries.

During the final press conference, Mr. Macron welcomed ” the unity of 44 European countries” Who has ” have expressed very clearly their condemnation of Russian aggression (…) and their support for Ukraine.”.

That “Family Photo”Taken in the imposing Prague Castle, which dominates the Old Town, also aimed to mark the ghosts and show solidarity at a time when Europe fears an unprecedented energy crisis due to the war in Ukraine as winter approaches.

A few hours earlier, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy intervened via video conference and asked for it “punish the attacker” Russian and “impede” his chariots “go to warsaw or prague”.

Despite this successful baptism, the new structure still raises many questions about its contours, precise role, and concrete scope.

Behind the new acronym CPE we find countries with radically different courses towards the EU: Norway, Ukraine, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Moldova, Serbia, Azerbaijan…

What common denominator is there between declared (and impatient) accession countries, countries that know the door will remain closed to them for a long time, and the UK, which decided six years ago to leave the EU with a bang?

Will the EPC be long-term or will it join the long list of short-lived projects on the continent, like the European Confederation proposed by François Mitterrand in 1989?

Isn’t there a risk that it will eventually become an antechamber where candidate countries will have to wait forever?

Several Heads of State and Government present in Prague insisted that it was a complement and not an alternative to the EU accession process.

Josep Borrell, head of European diplomacy, welcomed the gathering of 44 heads of state and government “to see how to build a new security structure in Europe”.

“It has to go without Russia, not because we don’t want Russia in Europe, but because Putin’s Russia has placed itself outside the European community”.

Macron/Truss approach

Six years after the Brexit vote, the smallest steps taken by the new British Prime Minister, Liz Truss, have come under scrutiny.

Asked about the nature of her relationship with Emmanuel Macron ahead of a bilateral meeting with the latter, Ms Truss said it was ” a friend “.

At a Conservative Party rally in late August, she refused to decide whether he was “friend or foe.”

Regarding the tone of those exchanges, Mr Macron said he hoped “A New Phase” in relations between the two countries.

“It’s the beginning of the next day. Our desire is clearly dialogue, concrete projects and cooperation for the unity of our continent, especially in this very difficult time.” said the French President.

The Prague meeting will also have enabled rapprochement between Azerbaijan and Armenia, which for years have been in open conflict under the auspices of the EU and France.

The European Union sends a “civil mission” in Armenia along Azerbaijan to help demarcate borders and restart the beginning process of normalization between the two countries, which was undermined by bloody clashes in September, announced Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliev, the French Head of State Emmanuel Macron and President of the European Council Charles Michel after several hours of discussions in Prague.


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