Germany takes steps to integrate electric cars into the electricity grid

Germany takes steps to integrate electric cars into the electricity grid

The German parliament has empowered the federal grid agency to set the framework for the implementation of electric vehicles (EVs) in the grid, using them as remote batteries to balance electricity demand.

Accelerated commissioning of EVs, mandatory deployment of heat pumps, support for involved consumers, a ruling from the Court of Justice of the EU as well as requirements arising from the EU’s “Fit for 55” climate package necessitated an overhaul of the German electricity network in order to integrate remote-controlled consumer devices, explained the Parliamentary Energy Committee.

“We are initiating the integration of electric cars into the electricity network. Electric cars and other similar devices can finally be optimally integrated into the distribution network”said Ingrid Nestle, Greens spokesperson for climate protection and energy issues, in emailed comments.

“Whether an electric car charges half an hour earlier or later at night makes no difference to the driver in the morning. This can be a big advantage for the stability of the power grid.”she added.

Using electric vehicles as remote batteries has been a long-held dream of German power grid officials. The technology is commonly known as “vehicle-network” and allows the use of batteries built into EVs during peaks in electricity demand.

Germany wants 15 million EVs to be in circulation by 2030, while the European Union is seeking to ban the sale of ordinary thermal cars from 2035.

The revision of the law on the energy industry (paragraph 14a of the law EnWG) authorizes primarily the federal agency of the networks directed by Klaus Müller to define the framework of the control of the networks.

The associations welcomed this change.

“The guidelines of the new EnWG paragraph 14a clearly give preference to market incentives. Forced stops should only be an ultima ratio”said Robert Busch, CEO of the energy association BNE.

Kerstin Andrae, president of the utility association BDEW, noted that the changes to the Energy Sector Act were a “positive development”.

She adds that “section 14a of the EnWG finally regulates the issue of controllability, which is important for the fast and safe onboarding of new consumers”.

“Now the Federal Network Agency can implement regulations around consumer steering — and do so independently of policy directives, as required by the CJEU”said Peter Heuell, CEO of EMH metering, in emailed statements.

80 million euros for research

At the same time, the German government has undertaken to provide additional funds for further research on the switch to EVs and their integration into the electricity grid.

“To make this two-way charging a reality as quickly as possible, we are providing targeted support for research and development in this area”explained Michael Kellner, Secretary of State at the Department of Economy and Climate Action.

“Our goal is for Germany to become the market and leading provider of electromobility and its integration into the power grid”he added.

Research projects on “two-way charging stations for EV fleets in 2025”resilient infrastructure ” Low cost “ for prosumers and improving the efficiency of EV production will possibly be presented by the end of September.

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