Germany will ban the sale of new gas and oil boilers from 2024

Germany will ban the sale of new gas and oil boilers from 2024

After missing its 2021 target to reduce CO2 emissions in buildings, the German government intends to close the sector’s deficit by allocating more funds to renovations and banning new gas-fired boilers. from 2024.

In a historic judgment handed down in 2021, Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court called on the government to step up climate action so as not to place an undue burden on future generations.

The government now wants to speed up the process of decarbonising the lagging construction sector, according to government documents seen by EURACTIV.

“Given the unmet targets… there is a great need for climate policy action in the building sector”can we read in the government document, which will be presented on Wednesday.

The 9-step plan aims to put the entire building sector on track to meet Germany’s climate targets. By 2030, buildings will only be able to emit 67 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e) per year, compared to 119 MtCO2e in 2020.

Building emissions reduction target missed

Germany’s target for 2021 – 113 MtCO2e – was missed by 2 MtCO2e. The government document indicates that if nothing changes, the sector will emit 152 million tons of CO2 too much by 2030.

The country’s climate law calls for a contingency plan within 90 days of announcing that a sector goal has not been met.

This plan will be presented on Wednesday by the Minister of Economy and Climate Action Robert Habeck, alongside the Minister of Housing Klara Geywitz.

“This package is intended as a reaction to last year’s missed targets in the building sector”Ms Geywitz said on Wednesday (July 13) during the official presentation of the package.

It contains a mixture of measures that had already been announced previously as well as new measures, such as the transposition of forthcoming European laws into national legislation.

9-point emergency plan

The first, flagship initiative is the ban on all new gas boilers. From January 1, 2024, any newly installed heating appliance must run on 65% renewable energy, which effectively excludes pure fossil fuel heating appliances such as gas or oil boilers.

Second, the government will redirect subsidies in favor of renovation rather than the construction of new energy-efficient housing.

Patrick Graichen, a senior civil servant, said that every euro invested in renovations is ten times more effective than those invested in subsidies for new housing.

Third, the package will include a series renovation program from May.

This program is essentially aimed at mass-producing parts for building insulation, in order to reduce the time spent on each renovation project, according to the government.

Fourth, the government is awaiting the green light from the European Commission for its subsidies for efficient heating networks. The subsidy scheme should encourage the switch to district heating, which is more efficient than individual heating, support the switch to renewable energy sources and improve the use of unavoidable industrial waste heat.

The Commission is expected to approve the state aid scheme before the end of August.

Fifth, the government will ask municipalities to formulate a “thermal plane”.

Since situations vary from one municipality to another, the government wants each of them to identify the heating solutions that best suit them, whether it is district heating or the use of an infrastructure. nearby hydrogen.

Sixthly, Berlin wants to launch a “qualifying offensive” for heat pumps. The objective is to strengthen the training and qualification of installers in order to at least triple the number of heat pumps installed in 2024 compared to 2021.

Seventh, the government wants to launch a program to ensure that citizens’ current heating systems are working optimally before next winter. Advice and support to help heaters ventilate, a measure credited with 15% efficiency gains, is expected to be part of the program.

Other potential measures include advice on the temperature of boilers, which are statistically too hot and therefore inefficient, something heating experts have long called for.

Austria has also called on its people to take similar measures ahead of winter.

Eighth, the German government intends to immediately transpose the energy efficiency directive, which is currently being updated.

The aim is to apply the revised directive from 2023, probably with much more ambitious targets than those envisaged by the European Commission when it presented its proposal in July 2021.

Other measures complete the plan

Finally, the government is bringing together a few scattered measures such as the energy savings plan for public and municipal buildings as well as support for innovation.

Once published, the German Council of Climate Experts will hold a meeting to evaluate the plan. Although the 2021 version presented by Mrs Merkel’s administration was not accepted, a similar result is not expected this time around.

Meanwhile, Germany’s coalition parties continue to negotiate a larger emergency climate package to meet the country’s 65% emissions reduction target by 2030. A final deal is currently blocked by the liberal party FDP, EURACTIV understands.


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