Historic right-wing extremist victory in Italian elections
After Sweden, the extreme right in Europe has made a new breakthrough in Europe with the victory of Giorgia Meloni in the general elections in Italy, where for the first time since 1945 a post-fascist party stands at the gates of power.
By remaining in opposition to every successive government since the 2018 general election, the Fratelli d’Italia (FdI) has established itself as the main alternative, rising from 4.3% to around a quarter of the vote, the leading according to the first Exit polls party of the country.
The coalition she forms with the other far-right Eurosceptic party, Matteo Salvini’s League, and Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi’s conservative party, would win up to 47% of the vote.
And with the complexities of the electoral system, she should secure an absolute majority of seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
If these results are confirmed, FdI and the Lega together would win “the highest percentage of votes ever recorded by far-right parties in the history of Western Europe from 1945 to the present,” noted the Center for Italian Electoral Studies (CISE).
Founded in late 2012 by Giorgia Meloni with dissidents of Berlusconism, the formation is ahead of Enrico Letta’s Democratic Party (PD), which was unable to muster a viable voice to block the extreme right and only won between 17 and 21 percent.
Turnout at the end of the election fell to 64.07% from 73.86% in 2018.
The coalition has “a clear advantage both in the House of Representatives and in the Senate,” said Matteo Salvini on Twitter.
– Voice –
This earthquake comes two weeks after the one that saw in Sweden the victory of a conservative bloc with the Democrats of Sweden (SD), a party of the neo-Nazi movement that made a strong breakthrough and became the first right-wing party in the Nordic country.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, seen (wrongly) as a free warning in Rome, recalled that the EU has “tools” to sanction member states that undermine the rule of law and their shared values.
“The Italians taught a lesson in humility to the European Union, which claimed to dictate her vote by the vote of Mrs. von der Leyen,” tweeted the President of the French National Assembly, Jordan Bardella.
Beasts of Brussels, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and his Polish counterpart Mateusz Morawiecki sent their “congratulations” to Ms. Meloni on Sunday evening.
Mr Orban, through his Political Director MP Balazs Orban, added this message: “More than ever we need friends who share a common vision and approach to Europe”.
Meloni “pointed the way to a proud and free Europe of sovereign nations,” said Santiago Abascal, chairman of the far-right Spanish party VOX.
– “Great Unknown” –
Fratelli d’Italia owes its success to the broken promises of its opponents and the winds of “freedom” blowing in the peninsula, as well as to the charisma of its leader.
This 45-year-old Roman woman, who as a young activist said she admired Mussolini, managed to demonize his image and, on his behalf, the fears and anger of millions of Italians at rising prices, unemployment, the threat of recession or at the expense of public services.
In particular, the government must deal with the crisis caused by runaway inflation as Italy is already collapsing under a debt of 150% of GDP, the highest in the eurozone behind Greece.
In this country of chronic government instability, experts already agree on the short life expectancy of the victorious coalition, a marriage of convenience between three allies with competing ambitions.
For Ms. Meloni, “the challenge will be to turn her electoral success into lasting governance, that’s the great unknown,” said Lorenzo De Sio, professor of political science at Luiss University in Rome, on Sunday evening.
Ms. Meloni, who has no government experience apart from a short-lived stint at the Youth Ministry (2008-2011), will have plenty to do managing her lumbering, much more experienced allies: Silvio Berlusconi has been prime minister on several occasions, and Matteo Salvini, interior minister and deputy prime minister.
In the Ukrainian filing, Europe and NATO member Italy’s allies will also look at the distribution of portfolios between the three parties.
Because if Giorgia Meloni is an Atlanticist and supports the sanctions against Moscow, Mr. Salvini is against it.
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