Increase in serious crimes in Canada, Quebec in the lead
Statistics Canada published on Tuesday a portrait of crimes reported by law enforcement across the country in 2021. Quebec recorded the largest increase in the Crime Severity Index (CSI).
We see that serious crimes in 2021 were more numerous than in 2020 in Canada.
The increase in these violent crimes is attributable to higher rates of sexual assault, harassing and threatening behavior, but also homicide, according to the organization.
In contrast, Statistics Canada noted that the non-violent CSI – property and drug offenses – decreased by 3% in 2021.
Note that these fluctuations in the TGI vary across the country. Quebec tops the list, followed by Ontario. The two provinces recorded increases of 5% and 1% respectively in the CGI last year.
Statistics Canada indicates that this increase stems from increases in sexual assaults, but also from the increase in fraud in general in Quebec and the increase in homicides in Ontario.
Overall, police reported 34,242 sexual assaults in 2021 – levels 1, 2 and 3 depending on the nature and seriousness of the incident – i.e. a rate of 90 incidents per 100,000 inhabitants. This is the highest rate recorded since 1996, says the organization.
As for the CSI in Alberta and British Columbia, it has seen the largest decline nationally, having fallen by 7% and 5% respectively in these two provinces, last year.
Finally, the homicide rate rose in Canada for a third consecutive year. Police reported 788 homicides in 2021, an increase of 29 in one year, according to Statistics Canada. Of note, police counted 190 Indigenous homicide victims, down 18 from 2020.
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