The EU sends a mission to Armenia to help de-escalate with Baku
The European Union sends a “civil mission” in Armenia along with Azerbaijan to help demarcate borders and restart the beginning process of normalization between the two countries, which was undermined by bloody clashes in September.
“The mission will begin in October for a maximum duration of two months. The goal of this mission is to build trust and contribute to the Boundary Commissions through their reports.”announced Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, French President Emmanuel Macron and European Council President Charles Michel after several hours of talks in Prague.
“Armenia has agreed to facilitate the facility [cette] Order “ etc “Azerbaijan has agreed to cooperate with this mission as far as it is concerned”underline the parties involved in a joint statement.
The four heads of state and government met from Thursday to Friday late into the night on the sidelines of the first summit of the European Political Community.
“For a Lasting Peace in the Caucasus”President Macron, looking engrossed and tense, tweeted a photo of the four supporting leaders gathered around a table in conspicuous chiaroscuro.
“Armenia and Azerbaijan have reaffirmed their commitment to the United Nations Charter and the 1991 Declaration of Alma Ata, recognizing each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.”underscores the joint statement.
“They confirmed that it would serve as the basis for the work of the boundary commissions and that the next meeting of the commissions would be held in Brussels at the end of October.”it is stated.
The Alma Ata (or Almaty in Kazakhstan) Accords recorded the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), bringing together former Soviet republics, including Armenia and Azerbaijan.
At least 286 people were killed in clashes between the two countries in September, the worst between these two Caucasian neighbors since their war in 2020.
The dispute concerns the fate of Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian-populated separatist enclave in Azerbaijan, and the determination of borders between the two countries.
In May 2021, talks on delimiting and delimiting their common borders had begun under the aegis of Russia.
But Russia, meanwhile, has launched a military offensive in Ukraine that limits its room for maneuver elsewhere, and the United States and the European Union have played an important role as facilitators in the process of normalization between Baku and Yerevan.
Nikol Pashinian and Ilham Aliyev have met three times this year in Brussels, the last time on August 31. On May 23, they pledged to advance talks on a future peace treaty.
Armenia, an ally of Russia, and Azerbaijan, backed by Turkey, have fought each other for control of Nagorno-Karabakh in two wars over the past three decades.
The 2020 war claimed the lives of more than 6,500 soldiers and ground to a halt after a Russian-brokered ceasefire.
Armenia ceded areas it had controlled for decades, and Moscow dispatched about 2,000 Russian troops to oversee the fragile truce.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the separatist Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh unilaterally declared their independence. The ensuing conflict claimed 30,000 lives.
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