The extreme right victoriously promises to govern “for all Italians”.
“We will govern for all Italians”: The leader of the Italian right-wing extremists Giorgia Meloni, who wants to become prime minister after her victory in the parliamentary elections on Sunday, tried to calm the concerns expressed at home and abroad.
After Sweden, the extreme right is making a new breakthrough in Europe, where for the first time since 1945 a post-fascist party stands at the gates of power.
Fratelli d’Italia (FdI) has remained in opposition to all successive governments since the 2018 general election and has emerged as the main alternative, falling from 4.3% to a quarter of the vote after initial screenings, becoming the first party in the peninsula .
“Italians have sent a clear message in favor of a right-wing government led by Fratelli d’Italia,” said Ms Meloni, reaffirming her ambitions to become prime minister.
“We will rule for all” Italians, she promised. “We will do it with the goal of uniting people,” she added in an encouraging and reassuring speech, acknowledging that the campaign was “violent and aggressive.”
The coalition she forms with the other far-right Eurosceptic party, Matteo Salvini’s League, and Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi’s conservative party, would win around 43% of the vote, guaranteeing her an absolute majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate.
Founded at the end of 2012 by Giorgia Meloni with dissidents of Berlusconism, the formation is ahead of Enrico Letta’s Democratic Party (PD, left), which was unable to muster any useful votes to block the extreme right and is falling below the 20 percent mark. with low participation (64.07% vs. 73.86% in 2018).
PD Vice President Debora Seracchiani praised the “victory of the right led by Giorgia Meloni” which marks “a sad evening for the country”.
– Voice –
This earthquake comes two weeks after the one that saw in Sweden the victory of a conservative bloc with the Democrats of Sweden (SD), a party of the neo-Nazi movement that made a strong breakthrough and became the first right-wing party in the Nordic country.
In what was (badly) perceived as a free warning in Rome, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen recalled on Thursday that the EU has “tools” to sanction member states that undermine the rule of law and their shared values .
“The Italians taught a lesson in humility to the European Union, which claimed to dictate her vote by the vote of Mrs. von der Leyen,” tweeted the President of the French National Assembly, Jordan Bardella.
Beasts of Brussels, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and his Polish counterpart Mateusz Morawiecki also sent their “congratulations” to Ms. Meloni on Sunday evening.
Mr Orban, through his Political Director MP Balazs Orban, added this message: “More than ever we need friends who share a common vision and approach to Europe”. Meloni “pointed the way to a proud and free Europe of sovereign nations,” said Santiago Abascal, chairman of the far-right Spanish party VOX.
– “Great Unknown” –
Fratelli d’Italia owes its success as much to the wind of “freedom” blowing across the peninsula as to the charisma of its leader.
This 45-year-old Roman woman, who as a young activist said she admired Mussolini, managed to demonize his image and, on his behalf, the fears and anger of millions of Italians at rising prices, unemployment, the threat of recession or at the expense of public services.
Above all, the next government will have to deal with the crisis caused by runaway inflation, as Italy is already collapsing under a debt of 150% of GDP, the highest in the euro zone behind Greece.
In this country of chronic government instability, experts already agree on the short life expectancy of the victorious coalition, a marriage of convenience between three allies with competing ambitions.
For Ms. Meloni, “the challenge will be to turn her electoral success into lasting governance, that’s the great unknown,” said Lorenzo De Sio, professor of political science at Luiss University in Rome, on Sunday evening.
Ms. Meloni, who has no government experience apart from a short-lived stint at the Youth Ministry (2008-2011), will have plenty to do managing her lumbering, much more experienced allies: Silvio Berlusconi has been prime minister on several occasions, and Matteo Salvini, interior minister and deputy prime minister.
In the Ukrainian filing, Europe and NATO member Italy’s allies will also look at the distribution of portfolios between the three parties. Because if Giorgia Meloni is an Atlanticist and supports the sanctions against Moscow, Mr. Salvini is against it.
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