The Truth About… The Dream of a French Cloud

The Truth About… The Dream of a French Cloud

No rescue from the cloud? “Without the cloud, there is no autonomous car, no automated production lines, no robots in operating rooms…” The government’s strategy on the issue, detailed last November, prioritizes decentralized computing and is based on a “cloud of trust”. . Which questions of competitiveness and sovereignty does this expression cover? The term was already causing controversy when Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire announced on Monday 12 September the creation of a “sectoral strategic committee on ‘trustworthy digital media’ to develop a ‘competitive French offer’ in this area.

You have to rewind the movie to understand it. In 2013, the Prism affair revealed that American services were happily digging into the servers of Amazon, Google and Microsoft. Data sovereignty is staggering into the public debate. In response, France decided to support two government cloud projects co-funded by manufacturers, Thales and Orange for one, Bull and SFR for the other. Oh, in two years the two attempts will be bad. A Franco-German initiative called Gaia-X followed in 2019. But “the Airbus of artificial intelligence” is developing into a catalog of standards. Then the services of Bruno Le Maire from the Ministry of Economy and Cédric O from the State Secretariat for Digital gave birth to the Cloud of Trust. The phrase “sovereign cloud” reappears only during a presidential campaign in Valérie Pécresse’s program. His swan song.

also readAgreement between Thalès and Google: Bercy gives up the sovereign cloud to the delight of GAFAM

Label with 250 criteria

If the definition of sovereign cloud was hazy, that of trusted cloud is solid: it’s backed by the SecNumCloud label, a certification issued by the National Agency for Information Systems Security. To obtain it, suppliers must meet around 250 technical and administrative criteria: location, governance, etc. Each layer of the “cloud” is subject to a separate assessment: the infrastructure, the platform on which it can operate and finally the software, the this can be added to it. All of these safeguards serve a dual purpose: to ensure data security – at a time when cyber risks have never been greater – and to prevent intrusion by foreign powers.


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